150 words response
1. What are three problems with community policing? How can we address these challenges?
Three problems with community policing are socialization of children by parents to fear/distrust the police, hostility toward the police, and bad cops. I chose these three specific problems because I believe they go hand and hand with each other. First things first for us to take care of the distrust and hostility towards the police officers and that would come by getting rid of the bad cops. Now there is no way anything or anyone could be all good, except God of course; but the more we get rid of, the better. That is going to be hard with all the media going around and most of it is bad reps of law enforcement officers; however, we have to get our public relations overall back up. Just as the book stated by doing community service and participating in the community. By doing more good in the community with service and taking care of public relations that would cover up for all the bad done and more of a good rep would be the outlook because things would be second nature with the service provided by law enforcement.
After reading chapter 8, I see that there are more than just three problems with community policing. Ross states that these are the problems of poor community relations; “socialization of children by parents to fear/distrust the police, hostility toward the police, confidence in police ability has decreased, less contact by police with citizens, Bad cops, some veteran officers would rather not deal with the community, police are not the best communicators, and police and citizens have different perspectives on how crime is caused and should be handled” ( Ross pg. 118). I believe that some of these reasons plus faulty public relations, negative social stigma implemented in officers, and unconnected communities to their police officers are all reasons that have created problems with community policing.
First, I believe that socialization issues of children by their parents has only cause “fear and distrust” because of past negative experiences that their own parents have gone through. Many African American/ minority parents have a rightful fear for their children’s lives because of their own experiences as well as events that happen to other people who are their same race in the news.This hostility towards police because of negative and or/ deathly interactions from police is one very drastic problem in community policing. Next, I believe that decreased confidence in policemen also stems from the fact that civilians rarely have positive contact with them. The only time that many civilians interact with policeman is when they are getting stopped and frisked, or arrested. There is no way that two separate groups of people can trust each other when there is no reason too. Lastly, bad cops, the lack of communication, and different perspectives do not allow civilians and police officers to get to know each other, and only creates negative relationships and distrust. Many times one or two run ins with a police officer, either negative or positive, might affect how someone will think they will be treated every time. It is important these interactions do not continue to create negative stigma. These problems with community policing need to be addressed in order to better create a safe and interactive environment for both police and civilians.
Private Security in the 21st Century: Chapters 7-9
Chapter 7 discusses a topic that I think is often overlook by the media. White-collar crime is a crime that many media outlets rarely talk about unless thousands of individuals are affected, or the incident involved a fortune 500 company. White-collar crimes are plentiful and can easily affect a company, organization, or individual financially. Maggio reported that white-collar crimes includes, but is not limited to antitrust violations, credit card fraud, phone and telemarketing fraud, bankruptcy fraud, healthcare fraud, environmental law violations, insurance fraud, mail fraud, government fraud, tax evasion, financial fraud, securities fraud, insider trading, bribery, kickbacks, counterfeiting, public corruption, money laundering, embezzlement, economic espionage, and trade secret theft (2009, p.170). Private financial security personnel are important in combating the prevalence of these crimes. I personally think that these private security workers are valued more by a company because they are essential to the financial stability of many companies.
Chapters 8 and 9 talks more about the various aspects of physical security and how it is important to fighting terrorism. These chapters also discuss the issues that exist with cybersecurity and cyberthreats. When the word “terrorism” is used, many people shift their focus to places like the Middle East or places abroad. But this should not be the case, Maggio (2009) informed us that we should be aware of domestic terrorist groups. The use of explosive is a common technique used by terrorist groups. Therefore part of the training for security officers teaches them what to do in case there is a bomb threat, or they encounter an object that could possibly be used as a bomb. Security personnel should also be aware of signs that suggest that an individual is associated with terrorist activity or engaged in criminal activity.
Cyberterrorism is another technique used by terrorist. Maggio (2009), stated this technique is more inexpensive than traditional methods used by terrorist. Cyberterrorism can reach more people and affect more people than other methods. The easiest way to do this is by creating a virus and disguise it as an email. I have received many spam emails that looked like it was sent by a legit sender or account holder. These cyberattacks could easily destroy a company or government organization. That is why so much money goes into cybersecurity. As I said before in previous discussions, I think that the cost of cybersecurity will continue to increase with the advancement of technology.