I need a response to the two discussion response question answer below. You must site your reference you use. The book is Human Resource Deveiopment Talent Development by Werner but you can use other resource to answer the response questions.
3.) Using your knowledge of the stages of life and career development, explain how the career issues of a 27-year old differ from those of a 45-year-old. What are the organizational implications of the issues you identified?
Our text defines career development as an ongoing process by which individuals progress through a series of stages, each of which is characterized by a relatively unique set of issues, themes, and tasks (Werner, 2017, p. 436). A 27-year-old is in the early adulthood era and the entry life stage. During this era, the individual is striving to attain their goals and the desires of youth (Werner, 2017, p. 440). A 45-year-old is in the middle adulthood era and is in the transition phase. During this period, the individual is questioning their life structure (Werner, 2017, p.440). Greenhause developed a model that represents the career stages and is linked to age ranges. The four stages include: Occupational and Organizational Choice, Early Career, Midcareer, and Late Career (Werner, 2017, p. 443). The early career stage (ages 25-40) is where the individual is becoming established in a career and shows job satisfaction. In the midcareer stage (ages 40-55), the individual is reexamining his life based on choices made during the early career (Werner, 2017, p. 444).
The developmental perspective on careers emphasizes continuity, the progressive dynamic of maturation and adaptation (Jepsen & Dickson, 2003). Life stages are segments of the life-span career, and developmental tasks are the socially normative, age-graded influences on behavior during each stage (Jepsen & Dickson, 2003). When differentiating between the stages of life and career development of someone who is 27 verses 45, gender is another element to consider when studying careers. Studies show that gender stereotypes have an affect on life and its opportunities, arguing that women’s work lives are more complex than men’s (Jepsen & Dickson, 2003). Unpredictable events can also influence careers between adolescent and adult career development, as well as rapid changes in the environment. If individuals use the facets of career motivation as a means to manage career development, they will have a greater chance of job satisfaction.
1.) Explain why management development is one of the most common HRD activities found in organizations today.
Management development, an organization’s conscious effort to provide its managers with opportunities to learn, grow, and change, in hopes of producing over the long term a cadre of managers with the skills necessary to function effectively in that organization, is one of the most commonly offered approaches to HRD (Werner, 2017, p. 486-487). It is a very important element of HRD because it provides opportunity and growth for employees. Learning is also enhanced and provides employees with opportunities that will lead to organizational growth within the company. Management development activities prepare managers for the future and a way to ensure that there is continued growth is by developing programs that are regularly evaluated and modified as trends change (Werner, 2017, p. 495). Management development can be done internally or externally, but the overall objective is to enable managers to accomplish their jobs more effectively (Heathfield, 2019). It has been proven to be one of the best approaches for organizations when it comes to developing managers and broadening their knowledge in their position.
Jepsen, D. A., Dickson, G. L. (2003). Continuity in Life-Span Career Development: Career Exploration as a Precursor to Career Establishment. Career Development Quarterly. Vol. 51 Issue 3, 217-219.
Werner, J. M. (2018). Human Resources Development: Talent Development. (7th ed.). Boston: Cengage Learning.
Heathfield, S. M. (2019, June 25). How to Successfully Develop Company Managers: Pursuing Management Development in Your Organization. Retrieved from https://www.thebalancecareers.com/what-is-manageme…