APA format paper

APA format paper



Please write an essay on a topic of your choice. Your paper must relate DIRECTLY to this class. If you are in doubt, please consult the Instructor. Please comply with all of the following major requirements – please do NOT assume. Your points in this assignment depends on how you follow and meet these requirements.

1. Please use a cover page for your written assignments, papers and projects.

2. Have an appropriate title for your work please

3. Also, please use an abstract for your assignments. Among other things, an abstract is basically a summary of your work and helps summarize and introduce your work at the initial time. It also gradually leads your readers into your work. It is part of APA and required to be about 150-250 words (class abstracts can be shorter). Your abstract should be on a page by itself immediately after your cover page – with the title or sub-title “Abstract” centered on top of your abstract.

4. Your paper should have a problem statement section or an introduction. This is the place where you articulate the “why” or the reason or the problem or concern or lacuna why you are writing your paper. For example, what gap in the law are you trying to highlight or solve? If there is no problem or concern, why write? Please see SAMPLE Statements of the problem or Introductions in the Course Material Folder.

5. Please make your conclusions a little bit more visible – you can use a pointer like “In conclusions … etc” or you can use a sub-title “Conclusions.”

6. Please use paragraphs in almost everything you write – use paragraphs as appropriate to organize your points and also to help make your work more reader-friendly.

7. Please try to meet the minimum page/word requirement – please use it to showcase your research and writing skills. Remember that the minimum page does NOT include your cover page, your abstract and your list of references. Deliverable length = 4-8 pages of narratives.

8. Please remember to use APA in-text citations to support your work so readers may not think that you are speculating or guessing. There are TWO requirements in supporting your work in the APA writing style (1) in-text citations and (2) list of references. These two requirements are needed!! This is the requirement at college level all over the world. You can cite our course text – see https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/

9. A list of references is required as this goes hand in hand with your in-text citations. A list of references is required. This is DIFFERENT from in-text citations.

10. Remember to arrange your list of references in alphabetical order.

11. Please use your own words. Although I am definitely not accusing anyone of anything, please note that I review your Turn-It-In Originality Report. Please note that your work should be 99.99% your own words. As you know, you can borrow ideas from any source but you must (a) summarize them in your own words AND (b) cite your sources. Please let me know if you need further assistance moving forward.

12. Please use subtitles or sub-headings like “Introduction, Methodology, Conclusions, Findings, Suggestions, Recommendations … etc” to help organize your thoughts and also to help make your work more reader-friendly. Please note that the particular subheadings you use depend on the topic you are writing but I want you to use subheadings or subtitles in your work. Among other things, using subheadings immediately makes it clearer which of the major requirements of the assignment you covered – just by quickly reviewing your sub-headings or sub-titles. It also lets you get creative and innovative by the types of subheadings you use.

13. Please note that your title/subject matter must be related to this class. If in doubt, please contact the Instructor.

14. Relate your discussion to the real-world and please use vivid examples where appropriate.

15. Please use double spacing – APA supports double spacing

16. What are the policy implications of your work? This is same thing as suggestions you have on how to improve things. Policy implication is also referred to as Reform Implications or Crime Control Implications.

17. What suggestions do you have based on the policy implications of your work?

18. Please submit as an ATTACHMENT in the drop box on or BEFORE the due date/time.

19. Please be ready to present in class = 10 points – IF APPLICABLE. IF using ppt. for your in-class presentation, please see Doc Sharing for the major requirements for ppt. (no presentation for this one).

20. Microsoft Word is recommended.

21. Avoid or minimize using direct quotes “….” at this time please but rather (a) summarize the information in your own words and (b) cite your sources.

22. Avoid numbering the items in your list of references – just arrange them in alphabetical order.

23. Each work must be original to this class and to each particular assignment – no use of prior work.

24. Please submit your work as ONE FILE only – please do not upload parts of your work (like cover page, abstract, or other … etc) separately! Upload everything as just ONE file

25. Please do not upload BLANK document (receives a zero!) and remember it is your full responsibility to be sure your work is uploaded correctly. You can re-log in and check or talk to Technical Support if you are in doubt.

26. RECOMMENDATIONS/POLICY IMPLICATIONS – 2 parts – (a) Solutions to the problems or your views on how things could be made better based on your CURRENT work (b) Recommendations for future studies on the subject of your work. This (b) part is how future studies can be based on your current work. For example, if your current work was done with “girls” participants, you can suggest that future studies be done with boys to see if any difference.

27. Let me know if you have any questions or concerns. Thanks and good luck.

28. Dr. Alex



You may select one topic or part of a topic or mix them up … from the list below or you can come up with your own topic or issue. Please note that these are justSUGGESTIONS of GENERAL paper topics. Also, I have NOT yet edited this list so you may find duplications. Lastly, please remember that your topic must beDIRECTLY related to this class. However, I have added topics that may not relate to this class just to cover several other classes that I teach but you should be able to adjust pick a topic that you are interested in ….. If you are in doubt or unsure about this, please contact me.

Please write a paper on any topic of your choice. Please follow the instructions in our major requirements for paper assignments. If you are in doubt on any of the instructions, please let me know. Thank you and good luck to you.

Stop blaming the slumlords

The Role of Police in America: The Effectiveness of Law Enforcement Officers

Police Corruption: The Types of Corruption and Its Effects on the Community

Police Use of Force: Necessity or Abuse?

Community Oriented Policing: Collaborative Partnerships and Transformations

Problem Oriented Policing: Proactive and Systematic Responses

Preventive Patrol Experiment: Kansas City (Select an appropriate city or state.)

Police Officer Drug Testing Programs: Georgia (Select any state.)

Sexual Harassment within the Police: Misconduct within the Culture

Women in Police Organizations: Pick a State

Causes of Police Corruption: Pick a State

How to alleviate Ponzi schemes

Causes of Ponzi schemes

Police Citizen Review Boards: Pick a State

Racial or Ethnic Profiling: Pick a State

Public Safety Radio Communications Issues: Georgia

Legal Issues in Policing: Officers’ Authority and Restrictions

Police Suicide: Causes and Prevention Education

New Technology in Policing: (Select a particular product to research.)

Minority Recruiting in Policing: Obstacles and Plans of Action

Police Pursuit Practices: Code of Practice

Police Training: Preparation for a Career in Law Enforcement

Police Use of Taser Weapons: Georgia

Police Use of Non-Deadly Force Weapons: Georgia

Police Vehicles: Use of Front Wheel vs. Rear Wheel Drive

School Violence Prevention Programs: (Pick a State)

Relationship of Contemporary Entertainment to Violence: Video Games and Film

Investigating Dog Fighting: (Pick a State)

Domestic Violence: Causes, Treatments, and Results

Television and Violence: The Effects on Juveniles

Divorce: Its Impact on Juvenile Conduct

School Violence: Screening and Safety Measures

Taser Weapons in the United States: Their Use and Effectiveness

Use of Non-Deadly Force Weapons: Georgia

Suicide in America: Police-Assisted Suicides

Police Body Camera: A Game Changer?

Rape: Sexual Assault

Child Abuse: The Physical, Sexual, or Emotional Mistreatment of a Child

Legal and Illegal Substances: The War on Drugs

Drug Abuse and Crime: The Relationship Between Them

The Legalization of Marijuana: Right or Wrong?

Alcohol: Legal Substance Abuse

Drug Use: Epidemic Among High School Students

Drug Use and Abuse: Fundamental Causes

Drug Treatment Programs: Their Effectiveness

Drug Use: Current Federal Drug Control Policies

Major Stimulants: Cocaine and Amphetamines

The Criminal Justice System: Processing Drug Cases

Biological Theories: Policy and Legal Implications

Crime in America: Their Causes and Effects

Data Crime Sources: UCR vs. NCVS

The Theory of Crime: Strain

Crime Theories: The Implications of Anomie

Crime in America: Sociological Theories

School Violence Prevention Programs: (Pick a State)

Homelessness and Crime: Their Relationship and the Effects

Mental Illness: Crime and the Deinstitutionalization of Mentally Ill People

Pornography: Control of Adult Entertainment

Crime Victimization Assistance Programs: Their Effectiveness

Juvenile Crime: Youth Gangs

Organized Crime and Violence: Prison Gangs

Environmental Design: How Laws May Improve the Environment

Crime in (Pick a State): Causes, Types, and Effects

Crime Prevention: Methods and Techniques

Date Rape: Prevention Measures

Police Corruption: Causes in Georgia

Causes of Jail and Prison Overcrowding

Consequences of jail overcrowding

Solutions to jail and prison overcrowding.

Citizen Review Boards: Their Value to Communities

Juvenile Predators: Treatment and Rehabilitation

Racial or Ethnic Profiling: The Abuse of Power

Public Safety Radio Communications Issues: Georgia

Sexual Offenders: Registration, Employment, and Housing (Pick a State)

DNA Evidence: Mandatory Use in Death Penalty Cases

DNA Evidence: Use in Non-Death Penalty Cases

Corrections and Institutionalization in Florida

Florida and State Correctional Facilities

Classification Systems within Corrections

How Law Enforcement can take the lead in the fight against computer crime

How law enforcement can take the lead in the fight against organized crime



You must start your paper with the reason or why you are writing. This is generally referred to as the problem or statement of the problem or thesis statement or introduction or … etc. Some of the reasons why people decide to research a topic usually boarder on certain problem, gap, concern, misunderstanding of something … etc. So they decide to research that issue to fill the gap or correct the misunderstanding … etc.

Remember, you cannot just summarize 2 or 3 books or articles and call this an academic paper. First there has to be a problem, a concern … something you want to throw more light on or something you want to add to existing situation which is WHY you want to write your paper. For examples, are younger girls getting pregnant with the result that they drop out of school? Are too many youths smoking with the result that the rate of lung cancer is on the increase? Are too many students dropping out of school that you want to look/write about causes of student attrition? Are police stopping more minorities than majority for same type of behavior that you want to look at causes and solutions of this?

Do many people misunderstand WHEN the Miranda rule is supposed to be administered that you want to analysis and clarify this? … etc.

These are called statement of the problem or the introduction or thesis statement which is or are WHY or REASONS you are writing. What do you want to CONTRIBUTE to existing knowledge on the subject? Please find a concern, problem, gap, or clarification or other … you want to focus on a particular topic.

At the end, you provide SOLUTIONS OR POLICIES OR SUGGESTIONS that will help in the concern, problem or solution …. These are from past papers of my former students.